Shop ParticipACTION
Search
f
f
M

Glossary

Physical Activity

Any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results in energy expenditure, and increases heart rate and breathing.

Reference: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3920711

Light Physical Activity (LPA)

Light physical activities do not result in sweat production or shortness of breath. “Incidental activities” are typically light-intensity physical activities.

Examples: slow walking, stretching

Reference:

http://www.csep.ca/en/guidelines/glossary-2017

Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA)

MVPA is intense enough to increase heart rate and elevate body temperature. With MVPA, a person can talk but is unable to sing.

Examples: running, jumping rope, tennis, swimming

Reference:

http://www.csep.ca/en/guidelines/glossary-2017

Sedentary Behaviours

Any waking behaviour characterized by an energy expenditure ≤1.5 metabolic equivalents (METs), while in a sitting, reclining or lying posture.

Reference:

http://www.sedentarybehaviour.org/sbrn-terminology-consensus-project/

Screen Time

Refers to the time spent on screen-based behaviours. These behaviours can be performed while being sedentary or physically active.

Reference:

http://www.sedentarybehaviour.org/sbrn-terminology-consensus-project/

Exercise

Physical activity that is planned, structured, repetitive, and purposive in the sense that improvement or maintenance of one or more components of physical fitness is the objective.

Reference:

http://www.csep.ca/en/guidelines/glossary-2017

Physical Inactivity

A level of physical activity that is not enough to meet present physical activity recommendations.

Reference:

http://www.sedentarybehaviour.org/sbrn-terminology-consensus-project/

Physical Fitness

The ability to carry out daily tasks with vigor and alertness, without undue fatigue, and with ample energy to enjoy leisure-time pursuits and respond to emergencies.

Reference:

https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/glossary/index.htm

Self-Efficacy

An individual’s belief in his or her ability to achieve a goal or complete a task.

(Bandura, 1982)

Physical Literacy

The motivation, confidence, physical competence, knowledge and understanding to value and take responsibility for engagement in physical activities for life.

Reference:

http://physicalliteracy.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Consensus-Handout-EN-WEB_1.pdf

Energetic or Active Play

Similar to moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), Energetic or Active Play is more appropriately contextualized for the early years and refers to activities for young children that get them working hard, breathing heavily and feeling warm.

Reference:

http://www.csep.ca/en/guidelines/glossary-2017

Active Transportation

Refers to any form of human-powered transportation – walking, cycling, using a wheelchair, in-line skating or skateboarding.

Reference:

https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/health-promotion/healthy-living/physical-activity/what-active-transportation.html

Chronic Disease

Human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects (more than three months).

Aerobic Exercise

Dynamic activities that involve large muscle groups and result in substantial increases in heart rate and energy expenditure.

Reference:

http://www.csep.ca/en/guidelines/glossary-2017

Muscular Strength

The ability of a muscle to exert a force against resistance.

Reference:

http://www.csep.ca/en/guidelines/glossary-2017

Muscular Endurance

A measure of the body’s ability to work for an extended amount of time (i.e., how long a muscle can perform).

Reference:

http://www.csep.ca/en/guidelines/glossary-2017

Flexibility

The range of motion of joints or the ability of joints to move freely. It also refers to the mobility of your muscles, which allows for more movement around the joints.

Behaviour Change

Refers to any transformation or modification of human behaviour or patterns.

Mindfulness

Mindfulness is the psychological process of bringing one’s attention to experiences occurring in the present moment.