The Effects of Immigration and Ethnicity on Physical Activity among Canadian Youth

Featured Research: The Effects of Immigration and Ethnicity on Physical Activity among Canadian Youth   Insufficient physical activity in childhood and adolescence has long been recognized as a precursor to negative health outcomes in adulthood. National guidelines indicate that children and youth should engage in 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous activity daily.The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in activity levels between immigrant youth and their Canadian-born peers More info   Additional research on this topic:

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Getting Active with Age: Encouraging Seniors to Keep Moving!

Featured Research: Getting Active with Age: Encouraging Seniors to Keep Moving! Canada, like many other nations worldwide, is experiencing a significant growth in the proportion of seniors (i.e. those aged 65 years or older). In 2011, census data indicate that 15% of the population in Canada was 65 years or older.Regular physical activity has been noted as an effective regimen to ward off the onset of various chronic diseases and to improve overall health and well-being at all ages. There are,...

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After school Patterns of Outdoor Physical Activity in Children: The Peach Project

Featured Research: After school Patterns of Outdoor Physical Activity in Children: The Peach Project The role of the physical environment in influencing children’s activity has been the subject of much attention in recent years. Increasingly, studies have shown a link between time spent outdoors and physical activity in children. What is lacking, however, is a more detailed description of which environmental factors may be conducive to children’s activity outdoors. This edition of the research file will summarize the findings of a study by Cooper et al. In their study, Cooper and colleagues explore the use of...

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Getting the Message Out: Increasing Physical Activity through Social Marketing

Featured Research: Getting the Message Out – Increasing Physical Activity through Social Marketing To date, strategies aimed at improving physical activity have not resulted in substantial increases in activity at the population level; in fact research has consistently shown that a large proportion of the Canadian population remains insufficiently active. So what mode(s) of communication would be most effective for promoting population-level behaviour change? A social marketing strategy such as the use of mass media campaigns for increasing physical activity has been...

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Promoting physical activity in children and youth through information and communication technology

Featured Research: Promoting physical activity in children and youth through information and communication technology Traditionally, strategies for improving physical activity levels of children and adults alike involved the use of print-based interventions and/or recruitment into various physical activity (PA)-based programs (for example at school or in the community). Gaining popularity is the use of technologies (e.g., internet or mobile phone) for dissemination of health related information. The potential benefits of this method of delivery are efficient and profitable, given its...

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Neighbourhood environment: Parent’s perception and children’s PA

Featured Research: Neighbourhood environment: Parent’s perception and children’s physical activity Research on the built environment attracts considerable interest when it comes to physical activity (PA) among young children, as children tend to spend much of their time in PA in and around their immediate neighbourhoods. Therefore, it is important to explore correlates of children’s PA in specific locations. A study by Tappe et al. assessed relationships between the home neighbourhood environment as reported by parents, and children’s overall and location-specific PA…...

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Physically active versus non-active people

Featured Research: Physically active versus non-active people: Physical activity correlates Physical activity (PA), which is very important for maintaining good health, is not reaching sufficient levels among adults and children across the globe. Effective interventions are not widely available, resulting in either slow increase in PA or decrease in some countries. This Research File discusses the publication by Bauman et al. which aims to summarize knowledge regarding determinants and correlates of PA  in children and adults… More info Additional research on...

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Can physical activity improve some Multiple Sclerosis symptoms?

Featured Research: Can physical activity improve some Multiple Sclerosis symptoms? This Research File evaluates the impact of regular physical activity on Multiple Sclerosis (MS), a disease affecting the central nervous system, which has outcomes that may include poorer quality of life and can impact both psychological and physical health. Stroud and Minahan conducted a study exploring the relationship between physical activity and MS, specifically the association between physical activity and MS symptoms such as depression, fatigue and quality of life (QoL)...

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Reducing Osteoporosis Risk Throughout Life with Targeted Exercise

Featured Research: Reducing Osteoporosis Risk Throughout Life with Targeted Exercise Osteoporosis is recognized as a serious global public health concern, especially with the increase in aging population, as it increases the probability of bone fractures. To explore the impact of physical activity on bone strength throughout life, Nikander et al. conducted a systematic review and a metaanalysis. The results were analysed by the following age groups: childhood/pre-pubertal period (≥6 to 10 years of age), adolescence, adulthood, and older adulthood. More...

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Effects of physical activity on Autism Spectrum Disorders

Featured Research: Effects of physical activity on Autism Spectrum Disorders Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), which present themselves in 0.3-1.0% of population, refer to a wide range of neuropsychological conditions which affect motor, social and/or communication skills. The conditions include autism, Rett’s disorder, Asperger’s syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder and Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified.1 The treatment of ASD aims at stimulating language, cognition and social development, while trying to eliminate and minimize dysfunctional behavioural patterns. more info Additional research...

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